Vocabulary of a cyclist

Glossary of words used by cyclists:

If you can add a word, please comment and ride safe.

à blocRiding or going “à bloc” means giving it all you’ve got, going all out, riding as hard as one possibly can (which can be risky for it leaves one in a state where recovery is needed, and therefore vulnerable to being attacked). Example: “I really gave it all in the last kilometers, although I didn’t think it was possible until I crossed the line. I just went “à bloc”. (full gas)
aeroadj. abbreviation for aerodynamically efficient or a triathlete’s meaning for life.
aero barsExtension of the handlebars usually allowing the rider to rest his elbows and benefit from improved aerodynamics. Often found on Time trial bicycles or triathlon bicycles.
airn. space between the tires and the ground. (Both tires must be off the ground or it isn’t “air”.) Said to be caught or gotten. See sky.
all mountain
all-rounderA racing cyclist who excels in both climbing and time trialing, and may also be a decent sprinter. In stage races, an all-rounder is likely to place well in the General classification. Eddy Merckx and Miguel Indurain (doped) were notable all-rounders; All-rounders are usually Team Leaders in both stage races and classics cycle races. The term all-rounder is also applied to a bicycle designed to function well for varied terrain and uses, unlike the typical bike today which is specifically designed for a narrow range of use and terrain.
alleycatA bicycle race typically organized by bicycle messengers or couriers. Alleycat races seek to replicate some of the duties that a working messenger might encounter during a typical day. The races usually consist of previously undisclosed checkpoints, which are listed on a manifest, that a racer will have to go to; once at the checkpoint the racer will have his/her manifest updated. First racer to return with a completed manifest wins. Alleycats were first formalized in Toronto, Canada in 1989; however, messengers have been racing against each other for much longer. Recently, with the boom in urban cycling, many non-messengers have been participating in and organizing alleycat races.
anchorEndearing term to designate a cyclist’s child. The latter tends to “anchor” the rider at his home. Not a pejorative term.
anoadj. frequently-misspelled abbreviation for “anodized”.
apex1) n. the apex is the middle or sharpest point of a curve 2) v. to plan your line around a bend to touch the inside of the lane at the apex, starting and leaving the turn at the outside of the lane, to flatten out the required curve and increase allowable speeds.
arrière du pelotonFrom French, literally the “rear of the peloton” (main group of riders). Also called the Feu Rouge (red tail light) or Lanterne rouge.
ATBn. All-Terrain Bike or Biking. A synonym for MTB.
attackTo quickly accelerate while riding in a pack, or in smaller numbers, with a view to create a gap between yourself and other riders.
augerv. to involuntarily take samples of the local geology, usually with one’s face, during a crash. See face plant.
autobusA group of riders in a stage race (typically non-climbers and suffering domestiques) who ride together as a group on the mountain stages with the sole intention of finishing within the stage’s time limit to allow them to start the next day. Also known by the Italian term gruppetto.
baby headsn. small boulders about the size of, yep, a baby’s head.
backieColloquial noun meaning to give a second person a ride on a bicycle (UK English), see pump.
baconMarks of road rash on a cyclist’s body.
baggern. a person that habitually bags out. Also known as a loser/ quitter. Seen at finish lines with many pre prepared excuses.
bagging a peakv. making it to the summit of a mountain.
bagging outv. canceling a ride for something other than a death in the family.
bail1) or bail out. v. to jump off in order to avoid an imminent crash. 2) v. to give up on a ride because of bad weather coming in. (from climbing)
barsn. on mountain bikes, a technologically backward straight pipe that was otherwise discarded as obsolete in the 19th century. For road bikes, a refined component which promotes aerodynamics, body geometry, muscle teamwork, stability, and comfort.
basecamp ridesadj. setting up camp and using it as the start and finish of tours.
BBARShort for British Best All-Rounder, a season-long time trial competition held in the UK.
beadn. the part of your tire that fits onto the rim, either wire (heavy and cheap) or Kevlar (light and expensive
beartrap1) v. to slip off one pedal, causing the other pedal to slam one in the shin, when one gets kracked with a pedal. 2) n. the toothlike scars resulting from being beartrapped.
beat1) v. to ride with reckless disregard to one’s equipment, well-being, and/or the ecology of the trail. 2) adj. a term used to describe something that is not good. e.g. “It’s pretty beat that the yellow trail is closed.”
beatern. a bike of such little value as to be able to beat on, or a bike that reaction after prolonged beating.
betan. insider information about a ride. Running or auto beta is someone telling you how to do the moves as you go (as in “can you please shut up with that running beta, I want to find out myself”).
beta flashn. leading a ride through technical singletrack with no dabbing or dogging, but with a piece of previous knowledge hints on how to do those crux moves. Even seeing someone do the ride already classifies as “previous knowledge.”
beyond categorySee hors catégorie.
bicycle shaped objectAlso department store bicycle or abbreviated as BSO, a cheaply produced but poor quality bicycle commonly sold in flat packs at big-box stores, mainstream stores and anywhere else but local bike shops.
bidonA water bottle. If you need 2 of them go here
biff1) n. a crash. Synonyms: wipeout. 1) v. “I biffed and then wiped away the blood.”
bike throwA bike throw occurs in the final moments of a bike race, usually within the last few feet. A sprint is involved, and at the end of the sprint, the rider pushes his arms forward, stretches his back out, and attempts to move his bike as far forward as possible, getting to the finish line before his competitors.
bike fitterA person, a bit like a priest who persuades you are going to heaven/need a new stem (delete as appropriate)
blastv. to begin a big climb or ride, after reaching the foot of the long or daunting hill. “We’re gonna blast after a snack at the bottom of the wall”.
blockingRiders of one team who set a relatively slow tempo at the front of a group to control the speed, often to the advantage of one of their teammates who may be in a break.[2]
blow upA rider who has gone into oxygen debt and loses the ability to maintain pace is said to have blown up, variations include popping, exploding and detonating. This is a more temporary condition than cracking or hitting the wall.
bogor bog out. v. to be riding in a circumstance where much pedaling force is required, such as through mud or up a steep hill, and to fail to generate the required torque, generally a result of over gearing, being a wimp, or picking your line incorrectly.
boingn. a suspension fork or stem; a dual-suspension bike is a boing-boing. “Mark’s not going to feel much pain with his new boing-boing.”
boing-boingn. a bike with full (front and rear) suspension. Might possibly be considered offensive by certain owners of said bikes.
bombv. to ride with wild disregard to personal safety.
bonkn., v. cycling’s classic term for blowing up, hitting the wall, or otherwise expiring in mid ride. Can be caused by — and is frequently blamed on — insufficient water or calorie intake, but in truth is usually a result of insufficient training. “Had I eaten more linguini last night, I’m certain I wouldn’t have bonked.”
boostv. to catch air off of a jump.
bootiesFabric shoe covers worn by cyclists to protect their feet from rain.[
bottom bracketThe bearing assembly which allows the crank to rotate relative to the frame. May or may not include the spindle which connects the two arms, depending on the standard to which it was designed.
boulder gardenn. section of road or trail that is covered with basketball sized or larger boulders. (Rock garden)
bran. the rubber strip placed inside the rim to protect the tube from the nipples.
brainn. a biking computer, usually featuring an odometer, speedometer, clock, and other “important” display modes.
brain bucketA bicycle helmet. (lid)
brain sieven. a helmet featuring more vents than protective surface.
brake padsn. the rubber blocks that attach to your brake cantilever arms and make your bike stop or slow down. Read about brake pads.
brakesn. just for the record, is how you spell it. These are what are used to stop you on a bicycle unless you’re riding a fixed gear bicycle.
braze-onsn. threaded attachments welded to the bike frame to accept the mounting of brake sets, water bottle cages, rear racks, etc.
breakor breakaway. n., v. a splitting of the field, where some riders race ahead, trying to avoid being reabsorbed by the larger and more aerodynamically efficient peloton.
breakawayBreakaway, or break in short, is when a small group of riders or an individual have successfully opened a gap ahead of the peloton. (A breakaway specialist is a rider who is specialized in attacking the race from the start in order to show off his sponsor and to try his luck in winning the stage without having to fight with the whole peloton at the finish line.)
breveta long-distance event used to qualifying riders for major randonnees such as Paris-Brest-Paris. The typical brevet series has rides of 200, 300, 400 and 600 km. Pronounced “brevay.”
brickA rider who is a slow climber but an efficient descender.
bridgeWhen a lone rider or smaller group of riders closes the space between them and the rider or group in front of them. This term often refers to when riders catch up with the main pack (or peloton) of riders or those who are leading the race.
bring home a Christmas treev. to ride (or crash) through dense bushes, so leaves and branches are hanging from your bike and helmet.
broom wagonA support vehicle following a group of cyclists in a race, tour or recreational ride that may carry equipment, food, rider luggage, or mechanics. May also pick up riders unable to continue. Also called a SAG wagon.
bullyv. to ride up a steep hill without slowing (much) from the flatland cruising speed you approached the hill with.
bunchSynonym of peloton.
bunch sprintThe riders arrive near the finish in massive numbers to contest the victory and attempt to draft their sprinters in a good position to claim the victory. Speeds higher than 60 km/h are to be expected.
bunny1) n. same as betty, but used to emphasize the female rider’s body; could be considered insulting to some. 2) n. female novice rider.
bunny hopv. to lift both wheels off the ground by crouching down and then exploding upward, pulling the bike with you. Useful for clearing obstructions, such as curbs, potholes, logs. Differs from its older BMX & trials meaning — see jump.
burriton. a rim braking surface that’s bent inward towards the tube, forming a section that looks rolled like a burrito. n. great post ride food.
bustv. a term used the same as the verb “to do” only with more emphasis. e.g. “He busted a huge air over that jump.”
buzz1) n. euphoric feeling. Commonly used after a particularly hard passage is successfully completed. “I got such a buzz after that uphill grunt.” 2) v. to touch wheels, or ride in very close formation from the rear.
cadenceThe rate at which a cyclist pedals (in revolutions per minute)
campyadj., n. short for Campagnolo, the famed Italian road bike component manufacturer. They are generally artfully machined and elegantly engineered, and cost enough to feed a starving Sudanese village for a year. The Georgio Armani of bike parts, but you get what you pay for. Also the company that invented the derailleur, quick release and many other indispensable cycling innovations we take for granted.
cantileveradj. most common type of brake found on mountain bikes today. Named for the two cantilever arms that pivot on the forks (front) or seat stays (rear).
captain crashv. to “go down with the ship”. Usually the result of a novice spud-user failing to clip out in time.
caravaneThe team cars following behind the peloton in support of their racers. Also designates the publicity cars that precede.
carvev. (from skiing) to ride with great speed around the corners of a twisting fire road.
cashedadj. to be too tired to ride any farther; bonked.
cassetteThe rear cog cluster on a derailleur bicycle, that fits on a freehub. It consists only of cogs, with no ratcheting mechanism, as the ratcheting mechanism is in the freehub.
CENn. European adult and child bike helmet standard.
centuryn. a 100 mile bike ride, or a metric century which is 100 km. Takes about four and a half or three hours, respectively, on a road bike, if you’re in reasonable shape. (The ability to do a metric century in 2.5 to 3 hours is why people get road bikes.)
ceramicadj. rims with ceramic braking surfaces, to increase stopping power and to reduce the mess that high-powered brake shoe compounds make of aluminum.
chain gangA group of cyclists cycling in a close knit formation akin to a road race, normally for the purposes of training.
chain slapAnnoying slapping of the bike’s chain against the chainstays while riding over rough terrain.
chain suckThe tendency of a chain to stick to chain rings and be sucked up into the bike instead of coming off the chainring. Primarily caused by worn chainrings and rust on small chain rings, under high loads, and in dirty conditions.
chainringn. a gear at the front, attached to the cranks.
chainring tattoon. the dotted-line scar you get from gouging your shin on the chainring. See rookie mark.
chainring(s)The front part of the drivetrain where the chain engages. May be composed of one to three gears.
chainstayOne of the two frame tubes that run horizontally from the bottom bracket shell back to the rear dropouts.
chaseA group of one or more riders who are ahead of the peloton trying to join the race or stage leader(s). There may be none, one, or many chases at any given point in a race.
cheese graterv. to grind off your skin against gravel, ashfault, bike parts, or the like.
chicaneA sequence of tight turns, often s-shaped, usually most important near the finish of a road-race or during a criterium.
chunderv. to crash.
chuten. a very steep gully. The word chute is french for fall and refers to the rockfall that is very common in a chute.
circle of deathThe stage of the 1910 Tour de France in the Pyrenees that included the cols: Peyresourde, Aspin, Tourmalet and Aubisque, was named the “Circle of Death”. Now the hardest mountain stage in the Tour takes on this name.
classicA one-day race of great prestige. Some classics date back to the 19th century.
cleanv. to negotiate a trail successfully without crashing. “I cleaned that last section.”
cleanie1) n. one who desires to remain clean 2) n. a wimp who will not have fun, stays on the clean trails.
cleatn. a cleat attaches to the bottom of a cycling shoe. Older style cleats have a slot that fits over the back of the pedal, and in conjunction with toe clips and straps, hold your foot on the pedal. Now clipless pedals have a specially designed cleat that locks into the pedal, sometimes with some ability to rotate side-to-side so as not to stress knees.
climberA rider who specializes in riding uphill quickly, usually due to having a high power-to-weight ratio.
clincherA type of tire that uses a bead around the edge of the tire to attach to the rim of the wheel when inflated. The inner tube is separate.[2]
clincher tiresn. tires which use a separate tire and tube, the latter replaced after a puncture. Contrast with tubular tires.
clip outor click out. v. to disengage one’s spuds.
cliplessadj. misleading name for a pedal-and-shoe system where the clips or cleats clip onto the soles of special shoes. Called “clipless” because you can’t see the clips when you’re clipped in. Contrast with toe clips.
cloonn. slamming into the ground, resulting in a ringing head, or a delay in the action. Term used in biking, skiing, and snow boarding.
closed circuitn. A racecourse that is completely closed to traffic. Closed circuits are most often used in criteriums or road races that use a relatively short lap (2-5 miles).
closing the doorA strategic move during a sprint where the leader is less than a bike length ahead of a stronger sprinter and said stronger sprinter is between the leader and the course wall. Leader angles towards the wall narrowing the lane thus making it impossible for the stronger sprinter to get past the leader.
clustern. an assembly of gears. Usually described by their configuration: “My rear cluster is a 12-25.” Also known as a cassette.
cockrottern. one who allows his bike to fall in disrepair, and whose bike invariably fails him at some point in every ride. These people don’t know why their bike always breaks, and often would rather buy new parts than keep their bike in good condition.
cogn. a single gear, usually at the rear as part of a freewheel or cassette. Also rear cog or front cog.
coln. the lowest point between two mountains. Also called a pass.
commissaireA race judge, in road-racing they are usually based in a car following the event.
componentsn. the moving parts of a bike that are attached to the frame.
condomn. the little plastic or rubber thing that protects your tube’s valve stem from rim damage.
corndogv. to become covered in silt, usually after a fall.
counterattackAn attack that is made when a break has been caught by chasers or the peloton.
Coup de ChacalLiterally “Jackal Trick”,[21] also known as “Cancellara’s Trick”. Surprise attack in the two last kilometers to detach from the peloton and, finally, win the race.
CPSCn. a bicycle helmet standard set by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. All bicycle helmets made in the US have to meet this standard.
crackWhen a cyclist runs out of strength or energy, they are said to have cracked. Compare with hit the wall.
cranial disharmonyadv. how one’s head feels after augering. “When my lid nailed that rock, I had a definite feeling of cranial disharmony.”
crank1) v. to mash on the pedals as hard as you can, and then some. As in, “I cranked so hard on getting out of that little valley, but my tire spun out and I had to walk it.” 2) v. to hammer or sprint.
crank armA crank. One of the two arms of a crankset. Each arm connects a pedal to the bottom bracket.
crank armn. the metal arms to which the pedals attach .
crank pipeterm used to describe the small pipe shaped adaptor necessary to inflate the tires on a disk wheel as there is no room for a pump head
cranksetThe bicycle drivetrain assembly that converts the rider’s reciprocating pedaling action to rotating motion. It consists of two cranks (or arms), one or more chainwheels(or chainrings), plus the stack bolts that connect them. Sometimes the bottom bracket is included.[23]
crater1) v. to fail to remain on the trail on the side of the 50 foot dropoff. Usually painful, as in “One of those death cookies joggled my wheel and I almost cratered on that section that looks down on the river.” 2) v. to bonk.
crayonv. a mostly road-specific verb that refers to the leaving of skin and viscera on the asphalt after a crash. “I’m not sure Lisa’s going to make it tonight. We locked wheels this morning and she crayoned all over the place.”
creamedadv. as in, “stick close to the shoulder on the blind corner coming up. I almost got creamed by a transport there last week.”
criteriumA race on a closed short distance course with multiple laps. Often but not always a 4-cornered course; often includes primes (sho
dabv. to put a foot down in order to catch your balance on a difficult section of trail. “I made it without crashing, but I had to dab once.”
dancev. to ride out of the saddle.
danseuse(French: danser – to dance) – riding out of the saddle, standing up, usually in a taller gear than normal, and rocking side to side for leverage. The phrase dancing on the pedals is related.[5]
death cookiesn. fist-sized rocks that knock your bike in every direction but the one you want to proceed in.
death gripn. an overly tight grip on the handlebars caused by fear of terrain, resulting in an endo or other unfortunate mishap.
death marchn. a ride that turns into an investigation of your endurance limit. “The bridge was out, and I had to go all the way back the way I came. So the morning’s nice, easy ride turned into a Bataan death march.”
derailleurA device used to change gears, activated by shifters.
descenderA cyclist who excels at fast descents, often using them to break away from a group, or bridge a gap.
DFLn. abbreviation for, uh, Dead… Last.
dialed inadj. when a bike is set up nicely and everything works just right. Get your bike dialed at your LBS.
dieselA rider who has an even energy output, without any bursts of speed, is said to be a diesel or diesel engine.
diggern. a face plant. “Look at that guy on that gnarly single track… he’s going to go over the bars and do a digger.”
directeur sportifTeam manager.
Disc brakesThese sit at the center of the wheel and stop the bike by squeezing a brake pad against a rotor mounted around the wheel hub. To stop, squeeze both brakes evenly. To slow, “feather” them by gently pulling and releasing repeatedly to “scrub” your speed. Never squeeze the front brake alone unless front flipping over the handlebars is your thing
dishing a wheeln. refers to the need to build a rear wheel off center of the hub body, to accommodate the freewheel on one side — the wider the freewheel, the more the wheel needs to be dished.
dolphin hopn. a technique much like a bunny hop, but executed differently. The rider pulls a wheelie, then moves far forward to pitches his bike down, transferring the wheelie to the rear as an obstacle passes underneath. This is the only type of hop possible for a rider using platform pedals.
domestiqueA rider whose job it is to support and work for other riders in their team (literally “servant” in French). Today the term has lost its bad connotation and serves as an acknowledgement of the true nature of racing tactics. See also water carrier.
door prizeA term used when a rider collides with the open door of a parked car while cycling.
double-buttedn. tubing with a higher wall thickness at both ends, to reduce the weight of the tubing for a given weight. See single-butted, triple-butted.
doubletrackn. overgrown road that is like two parallel trails.
down tuben. the part of the frame that connects the head tube and the bottom bracket.
downstroken. when the rider is pushing down on the pedal.
draft1) v. to ride behind a windshield, such as another rider or a motor vehicle. “When I was drafting you down that huge-ass hill, you were pedaling madly while I barely had to turn the cranks!” 2) n. the area sheltered behind a moving object. “You know, it’s kinda hard to stay in your draft at high speed if you don’t ride in a straight line.”
draftingTo ride closely behind another rider to make maximum use of their slipstream, reducing wind resistance and effort required to ride at the same speed.
drilliumn. any part with lots of holes drilled in it to make it lighter.
dropTo be dropped is to be left behind a breakaway or the peloton for whatever reason (usually because the rider cannot sustain the tempo required to stay with the group). To drop someone is to accelerate strongly with the intent of causing following riders to no longer gain the benefit of drafting.
drop-offA steep section of a mountain bike trail.
dropoutThe slot, of various sizes and orientations, in the frame that the axles of the wheels attach to.
dropoutsn. the U-shaped slots that accept the wheel axle.
dropsn. the dropped section on dropped handlebars. Used when muscle geometry and an aero tuck are important, such as when ascending, descending, or going fast.
dual-trackn. a dirt road used by four-wheeled vehicles rarely enough that their tires have made ruts that became parallel singletracks. Also called doubletrack. See singletrack.
echelon(French) a line of riders seeking maximum drafting in a crosswind, resulting in a diagonal line across the road.
echlonn. a diagonal paceline, which modifies the single-file formation for a crosswind.
electrolytessubstances such as sodium, potassium, and chloride that are necessary for muscle contraction and maintenance of body fluid levels.
endon. the maneuver of flying unexpectedly over the handlebars, thus being forcibly ejected from the bike. Short for “end over end”. “I hit that rock and went endo like nobody’s business.” See “superman”. In BMX riding, “endo” used to be a synonym for front wheelie.
enginen. the rider.
enscarfmentn. a food break at the edge of a cliff.
espoir(French: hope) Age class for riders 19 to 22. Also called U23.
étapeA stage of a stage race
Excedrin descentn. bone jarring downhill that rattles your brain (providing you have one).
extremeadj. the single adjective that defines a worthwhile sport.
face plantn. hitting the ground face first. “Joe hit a tree root and did a spectacular face plant.” Synonyms: auger, digger, soil sample, spring planting.
fair gruntn. an expression exclusively used nonchalantly by others to describe a death march, in hopes others will try it, fail, and revere them as bike gods.
false flatA low-gradient climb, usually occurring partway up a steeper climb. So-called because while it may look deceptively flat and easy (especially after the steep climb preceding it), it is still a climb.
fast finisherA rider who has superior sprinting speed over the last few hundred meters of a race.
feed zoneIn road bicycle racing, a location along the course of a long race where team personnel hand musettes containing food and beverages to passing riders. In mountain bicycle racing, a limited section of the course in which riders may accept food from non-racing assistants. Sometimes this is combined with the technical assistance zone if one exists.
feeling nedlyv., adj. when older riders are having a particular strong outing.
fieldA group of riders, also known as a peloton.
fieldn. the clump of riders near or at the front in a road race. “We made a break on that big ascent, and at one point the rest of the field was over a minute behind.”
fieldsprintn. a sprint for the finish line involving a large group of riders. This is an impressive sight indeed.
filet brazingn. the magical art of brazing high-end metal bikes. It’s commonly mistaken for welding, but in actuality the tubes are not melted, rather bronze or other similar alloy are melted to “glue” the tubes together. The tubes fit together with almost invisible seams, as opposed to the monstrous, caterpillar-like welds on most mountain bikes.
first bloodn. credit to the first rider in a group who crashes and starts bleeding as a result.
fishtailv. when the rear end locks and slides about behind you. Occurs during strong braking on loose terrain.
fit kitn. a set of equipment and instructions to measure a person’s body to suggest a bicycle fit. This is early bicycle fit technology that made the assumption a “formula” could determine how every person should be positioned aboard a bicycle. Newer technology has eclipsed this as we now understand fit is individual and personal, so no “formula” exists for the perfect bike fit.
fixedSlang for a fixed-gear bicycle.
fixieSlang for a fixed-gear bicycle.
flailv. to ride badly and out of control. e.g. “He flailed off the jump and hit a tree.”
flamme rougeA red flag displayed with one kilometer remaining from the finish line of a race. Usually suspended over the road.
flashv. clearing a technical pitch without dabbing, especially if the rider has no previous experience on the route (See also onsight flash, where the rider has never seen the trail before, and beta flash, where the rider has seen or studied the route.)
flexn. when the frame doesn’t stay put when you mash the brakes, mash the pedals, or do other normal things.
flickv. to whip your bike through sweet singletrack.
follow a wheelThe ability to follow a wheel is the ability to match the pace of riders who are setting the tempo. Following is easier than pulling or setting the tempo and the term can be used in a derogatory manner, e.g. “He only ever followed”.
foot faultn. when a rider can’t disengage his cleats from the pedals before falling over. See horizontal track stand.
forcing the pacev. to increase the speed of the race to the point that other riders have trouble keeping up.
forkPart of the frameset that holds the front wheel. Can be equipped with a suspension on mountain bikes. or a modern eating utensil, unfamiliar to most mountain bikers.
frame tablen. a big strong table that Will Not Flex and which has anchors at critical places — dropouts, bottom bracket, seat, head. It also has places to attach accurate measuring instruments like dial gauges, scratch needles, etc. The frame is clamped to the table and out-of-line parts are yielded into alignment.
framesetThe bicycle frame plus the front fork.
fred1) n. a person who spends a lot of money on his bike and clothing, but still can’t ride. “What a fred — too much Lycra and titanium and not enough skill.” Synonym for poser. 2) n. a person who has a mishmash of old gear, doesn’t care at all about technology or fashion, didn’t race or follow racing, etc. Often identified by chainring marks on white calf socks. Used by “serious” roadies to disparage utility cyclists and touring riders, especially after these totally unfashionable “freds” drop the “serious” roadies on hills because the “serious” guys were really posers. This term is from road touring and, according to popular myth, “Fred” was a well-known grumpy old touring rider, who really was named Fred.
free ride
freewheeln. the part of the rear gear cluster that allows the bike to coast without the pedals turning, or what you find in the parking lot after a big race.
front wheelien. what endo used to mean in BMX: a trick where the rider applies the front brake and lifts the back wheel off the ground; this is the basis for many BMX tricks. Most riders cannot pedal effectively while doing a front wheelie.
Full On Conditions (FOC)adj. biking with the chance of running into severe foul weather conditions.
G.C.Abbr.: general classification. the timing splits used to determine who is winning in a stage race. calculated from the first rider over the line each day time is then measured back by gaps from the winner of the day. Time gaps are then calculated back between riders and added to the overall position of riders relative to each other. Riders can attack in stage races for time rather than winning the days stage. They are said to be “riding for G.C.”. In such circumstances alliances can form where some riders in a breakaway will work to help others win the days stage despite not contesting the finish as the overall gap the breakaway gains helps them “on G.C.”
galibierPerhaps the best Cycle clothing brand in the world and a French mountain pass
gear clustern. an assembly of gears. Usually described by their configuration: “My rear cluster is a 12-28.” Also known as a cassette.
getting airv. uh… the exchange of currency for cylinders containing a mixture of compressed nitrogen, oygen, and other trace gasses.
gibletsn. sexy little add-ons or upgrades, usually made of titanium or CNC’d aluminum. “That’s the fourth time this week that Tom’s gone by the shop to gawk at giblets.” (See also velo-porn.)
gnarlyadj. an 80’s term for a particular steep and rough section of trail.
gnarly dudeadj. Southern Californian for Gnarly.
glycogen window: the period within an hour after exercise when depleted muscles are most receptive to restoring their glycogen content. By eating foods or drinking fluids rich in carbohydrate, energy stores and recovery are enhanced.
granny gearTwo meanings related to each other: The lowest gear ratio on a multi-speed derailleur bicycle; smallest chainring in front and the largest at the back. The smallest chainring on a crank with triple chainrings.
gravelriding on mixed surfaces with a smile. Was fun until the UCI killed the beer buzz and now the plaid shirts are gone and it is all aero shite.
gravity checkn. a fall.
grindiesn. as in, “all that dried mud and sand left me with a loud case of the grindies in my drivetrain.”
grippedadj. paralyzed with fear and utterly confused.
groupA groupset, or gruppo (from the Italian for “group”, often misspelled grouppo) A set of parts usually from a single manufacturer, usually consisting of, at least, bottom bracket, brakes, derailleurs, hubs and shifters, and may also include headset, pedals, and seatpost. A kit is a group, plus everything else a frameset needs to make a complete bicycle.
gruntn. a very difficult climb, requiring use of the granny gear. Often used in understatement, as in “Well, I suppose it’s a fair grunt, but we used to ride it all the time.”
gruppettosee autobus.
gutter bunnyn. a bicycling commuter.
gutteredIn an echelon, where the size of a draft is limited by the width of the road, to be left with no good position to join the group and be sheltered from the crosswind.
half-trackn. a trail so narrow and/or overgrown that you’d hesitate even to call it singletrack.
half-wheel or half-wheelerA rider that rides half a wheel in front of another on training rides and group rides. No matter how much the pursuer speeds up to keep up with him/her, s/he stays that distance ahead. Usually these people are frowned upon and less desirable to ride with.
hammer1) v. to ride fast and hard. Also to “put the hammer down.” 2) n. a hammerhead.
hammeredadj. exhausted.
hammerheadn. a rider who hammers, or simply can ride faster than the one commenting.
hand plantn. a crash where your fall is broken only by cheese grating your hands. Best if done wearing bicycle gloves.
handicapA style of road racing in Australasia where riders are given different start times, calculated based on their previous performance, so that slower riders have a chance of winning.
hanging onv. riding in the slipstream of another rider, but being lazy and refusing to take your turn in at the front.
hardcore1) excl. word of praise and amazement, generally spoken as two separate syllables. 2) adj. impressive or requiring devotion, such as an extreme cliffbombing session.
hardtailn. any bike with front suspension but no rear suspension. Contrast with rigid and F/S.
head tuben. the short frame member that attaches the top tube to the down tube, and holds the headset in place. Normally the fork steer-tube is inside the head tube and pivots in the headset.
headern. going over the handlebars.
headsetn. the bearing assembly that attaches the fork to the head tube.
hill climb (race)A short distance uphill race, usually an individual time trial over approx. 3–5 km. See Hillclimbing (cycling).
Hit the wallTo completely run out of energy on a long ride, also known as “bonking”.
honk1) v. to vomit due to cycling exertion. 2) v. to grab hard on the bar ends while climbing to increase torque and traction on the rear wheel.
honking(UK English), see danseuse.
hookv. to lock handlebars or wheels, and go down in a bloody pile of metal and muscle.
hooksn. the dropped section on dropped handlebars. Used when muscle geometry and an aero tuck are important, such as when ascending, descending, sprinting or just going fast.
horizontal track standn. a foot fault that happens at a stop sign.
hors catégorie, or HCThe French term primarily used in cycle races (most notably, the Tour de France) to designate a climb that is “beyond categorization”, an incredibly tough climb. Most climbs are designated from Category 1 (hardest) to Category 4 (easiest), based on both steepness and length. A climb that is harder than Category 1 is designated as hors catégorie. Eg Galibier.-The mountain not the amazing clothing Brand.
hors délai (HD)French for “out of time”, when a rider has finished outside the time limit in a race and is eliminated.
hose-pipesn. large-section tubular tires, about the size and weight of clincher touring tires. Much heavier than racing tubulars, which can be two or three times lighter, at as little at 150 grams.
hubn. located at the center of the wheel attached to the rim by the spokes.
huckern. one who is ejected wildly through the air and does not land on his/her feet
hunger knockAlso shortened to “the knock”. See hit the wall.
hybridA bicycle that is a compromise between a road bike and a mountain bike. Often chosen by cyclists for its comfort.
hydraulicn. a flavor of brakes which use brake fluid to actuate the pads, which offer better modulation even than most high-end side-pull calipers.
hypergliden. freewheel cogs with small “ramps” cut into the sides of the cogs which tend to pull the chain more quickly to the next larger cog when shifting.
idiot levern. the gimmicky brake assist lever found on some older road bikes, which allow the rider to brake with his hands on top of the bars, rather than on the brake hoods or on the drops. Ignorant consumers buy bikes with them, although they’re no more convenient than braking from the hoods, and for powerful braking the stability, steering, and weight distribution from using the drops is essential.
Intervalsa structured method of training that alternates brief, hard efforts with short periods of easier riding for partial recovery
impedimentian. all the junk on a bike that impedes performance and looks bad.
individual time trialRace where riders set off at fixed intervals and complete the course against the clock.
intermediate sprintTo keep a race or a tour active there may be points along the course where the riders will sprint for time bonuses or other prizes. Also known as the “Traguardo Volante” (TV) in Italian
involuntary dismountn. a crash.
isolésA class of independent rider in the Tour de France. Also called a Touriste-Routier or Individuel.
jetv. to accelerate quickly; to go very fast.
JRAn. abbreviation for the Just Riding Along syndrome (and then the bike spontaneously exploded), a class of warranty claims viewed as highly suspect.
jumpTo aggressively increase speed without warning, hopefully creating a substantial advantage over your opponents. Also (more usually) denoting an attempt to bridge a gap from the peloton or gruppetto to a breakaway. For example: “he is trying to jump across”.
jumpn., v. where we now say bunny hop, BMXers used to say “jump”.
kackn. an injury to the shin received while doing trials, a kack can be the result of any injury receive during technical riding.
keirinThe keirin is a 2000 meter track event where the riders start the race in a group behind a motorised derny. The derny paces the riders for 1400 meters and then pulls off the track, at which time the cyclists begin a sprint to the finish line. Keirin racing has traditionally been practised in Japan, where it has been a professional sport for over 20 years, and in which pari-mutuel betting on the riders is permitted.
kickAccelerating quickly with a few pedal strokes in an effort to break away from other riders (e.g. “Contador kicks again to try to rid himself of Rasmussen”)
kick-outn. a bunny hop in which the rider pushes the back tire to one side.
kickern. a steep section of road or trail.
King of the MountainsThe title given to the best climber in a cycling road race. Also known as Gran Premio della Montagna (GPM) in Italian cycling.
kitA group, plus everything else a frameset needs to make a complete bicycle. in road cycling terminology a complete cycling outfit – bibs, jersey, socks, gloves etc 
kiteIs said of a rider who climbs very well but is a poor descender.
knockReferred to as “the knock”. Short for “hunger knock”. See hit the wall.
knurledadj. a pattern stamped onto the sides of some steel rims to improve the braking surface.
lactate threshold (LT): the exertion level beyond which the body can no longer produce energy aerobically, resulting in the buildup of lactic acid. This is marked by muscle fatigue, pain and shallow, rapid breathing. Also called anaerobic threshold (AT).
Lanterne rougeFrench for “red lantern”, as found at the end of a railway train, and the name given to the rider placed last in a race.
largen. synonym for high. e.g. “You can get some seriously large air off that jump.”
laughing groupSame as autobus. Riders who collect together in a road race just concerned with making it to the finish “in the time” so as not to be disqualified or “swept up”. Members of the laughing group are not concerned with contesting the finish.
LBSn. abbreviation for “Local Bike Shop”.
lead outSprinting technique often used by the lead out man where the rider will accelerate to maximum speed close to the sprint point with a teammate, the sprinter, draftingbehind, hoping to create space between the sprinter and the pack. When the lead out man is exhausted he will move to the side to allow his teammate to race in the sprint. Often a line of lead out men will be used to form a lead out train to drive the speed higher and higher (and to reduce the chances of other riders attacking) over the closing stages of a race. The purpose of a lead out is for the sprinter to achieve high speed at the sprint approach using as little of his own energy as possible, so he has as much energy as possible for the final sprint.[2][11]
leechA rider who drafts behind others to reduce his effort, but does not reciprocate. Also wheelsucking or passenger
lidn. helmet.
limitFirst riders to depart in a handicap race.
linen. the desirable path or strategy to take on a tricky trail section or portion of road. e.g. He took the best line. Hey Fred, hold your line!
loop tripn. ride that forms a loop with no backtracking.
lugn. metal reinforcing piece into which the tubing for expensive road bikes is brazed, allowing lighter tubing. The seat lug reinforces the connection between the top tube and the seat tube, for example.
madisonThe madison is a mass-start track event comprising teams of two riders per team. It is similar to a team points race, as points are awarded to the top finishers at the intermediate sprints and for the finishing sprint. Only one of the two team riders is racing on the track at any one time, riding for a number of laps, and then exchanging with his partner by a hand sling. The name comes from the original Madison Square Garden, which was constructed as a velodrome.
magic spannerThe situation where a mechanic in a support vehicle will appear to be making adjustments to the bike but in reality they are giving fatigued riders a break by holding onto the car and getting a massive push-off when the commissaires get too close.
Maillot JauneFrench for Yellow Jersey.
male blindnessn. when a male rider watches a beautiful female ride over rough terrain and stares intensely at all the jiggling parts, making him too dizzy to see straight when it’s his turn to ride the same terrain.
MAMILAbbreviation of middle-aged men in lycra, a popular bicycle buying demographic for high-end bicycles
mandibular disharmonyadv.how one’s jaw feels when it and the handle bars attempt to occupy the same space and time.
mantrapn. hole covered with autumn leaves, resembling solid earth and effective at eating the front wheel of the unsuspecting rider.
manualLifting the front wheel off the ground by the shifting of the rider’s weight.
Marinn. (muh RINN’) the county in Northern California where MTBing is said to have been invented. Just north of the Golden Gate Bridge.
mashv. to apply much force to the pedals on their downward cycle, generally while standing to climb a steep hill.
mechanicn. a bike mechanic, See also tech and wrench.
minute manThe cyclist starting in a time trial either a minute ahead or behind another rider.
mon. momentum. “If you don’t get in gear at the bottom of that hill, you’ll lose your mo.”
modulationn. the ability to finely and consistently select a specific braking force, rather than moving straight from no braking power to locked wheels and an endo. Hydraulic brakes have great modulation; V-brakes not so much.
motoor Motor Official. n. a race referee or official who uses a motorcycle during the bicycle race event. The motor referee is often primarily responsible for centerline rule enforcement during road races using a rolling enclosure. Motor officials are also used to keep track of riders where cars and the peloton cannot mix (narrow roads, winding roads, etc.).
motor marshaln. race staff on motorcycles responsible for assisting in keeping a racecourse clear and safe for competitors, usually in conjunction with a rolling or protected enclosure.
mountainbike-aneeringn. off shoot sport of mountain biking where peak bagging is a prime consideration. Another sport featuring the “because it’s there” attitude.
MTBn. the activity of MounTain Biking. Or a mountain bike itself. Also v. “MTBing”. See ATB, OHV, ORV, VTT.
mud boggingv. riding through muck for fun.
mud divingn. what happens when a bike slows abruptly in mud, throwing the rider into wet goo.
mud-ectomy1) v. a shower after a ride on a muddy trail. 2) v. the act of becoming clean.
musetteSmall lightweight cotton shoulder bag, containing food and drink given to riders in a feed zone during a cycle race. The bag is designed so that it can be easily grabbed by a moving rider. The shoulder strap is placed over the head and one shoulder, the contents are then removed and placed into jersey pockets or bottles (bidons) are placed into bottle cages. The bag is then discarded.[54]
muurDutch for wall. A short, steep climb. Originates from the Tour of Flanders locations such as Muur van Geraardsbergen and Koppenberg.
nard guardn. used to prevent wang chung.
NCCAn. abbreviation for National Collegiate Cycling Association . The NCCA is a standing committee of USA Cycling. The NCCA administers, develops, promotes and governs collegiate bicycling across the country. Rules for NCCA bicycle road races are the same as for USCF bicycle race events.
neo-proA first year professional.
nipplen. the nut at the end of a spoke that nobody knows the real name for.
nirvanan. the state of being in absolute control and totally in tune with your bike, the trail, and your physical strength. “I was just doing it all so smoothly and delicately and quickly, it was nirvana!” Synonym for The Zone.
no one else in the pictureTo win a race solo, without any competitors in view. The “victory pose” shows only the winner.
NORBAn. National Off-Road Bicycling Association. As part of USAC, they organize most of the larger mountain bike races.
nose wheelielifting the rear wheel of the bike using the front brake and shifting the rider’s weight forward. A stoppie in motorcycling.
nosepickiumn. the crusties you pick from your nose after a ride in a dusty environ.
O.D.This is short for “Off Day”. Even the best riders have them. It is important to recognize the symptoms and to back off when you are having an O.D.
off the backadj. when a rider is dropped, or cannot keep up with the pace of the windshield (such as a peloton or another rider) and falls behind.
off the frontadj. when a rider takes part in a breakaway, where one or more riders scoot up ahead of the main peloton in a race.
off-camber turnn. a turn which would usually be banked in the opposite direction, so the banking is the opposite of what would be expected on a racetrack corner. The road’s angle is added to, rather than subtracted from, the lean angle. Take these turns cautiously for, among other things, your tread may not extend far enough up the side.
omniumA multi-stage track cycling event whose composition has varied in the past. When reintroduced to the UCI World Championships in 2007, six omnium events have been held, while the European Track Championships have a different set omnium events.
on bread and waterIs said of a rider who relies exclusively on good diet and exercise to perform in races. This type of rider refuses to use any form of doping. Can also be said of a performance realised while racing clean at the time the result was achieved. (Example: “I won the criterium on bread and water but then the big race came and …”)
on the rivetA rider who is riding at maximum speed. When riding at maximum power output, a road racer often perches on the front tip of the saddle (seat), where the shell of an old-style leather saddle would be attached to the saddle frame with a rivet.
on your wheelThe condition of being very close to the rear wheel of the rider ahead of you. Used to inform the rider that you have positioned yourself in their slipstream for optimum drafting. For example: “I’m on your wheel”.
onsight flashv. to clean a section with no previous knowledge of its layout or elements (See also beta flash).
overtrainingdeep-seated fatigue, both physical and mental, causedby training at an intensity or volume too great for adaptation.
over the barsUnexpected and sudden dismount, either caused by braking too hard with the front wheel or by a road hazard.
Over The Bars (OTB)n. unexpected dismount over the handlebars.
over-the-bar blood donorn. a rider who is injured while doing an endo.
overgearedadj. a condition where the rider is using a gear combination which is too high or “hard” given the circumstances. Generally results in bogging out or needless fatigue.
overlapRiding in a position such that the leading edge of one’s front wheel is ahead of the trailing edge of the rear wheel of the bicycle immediately ahead. Overlap is potentially dangerous because of the instability that results if the wheels rub, and the simple fact that it allows the trailing rider to turn only in one direction (away from the wheel of the rider ahead). In road bicycle racing, overlap can be a significant cause of crashes, so beginning riders are instructed to “protect your front wheel” (avoid overlap) whenever riding in a pack.
pacelineGroup of riders riding at high speed by drafting one another. Riders will take turns at the front to break the wind, then rotate to the back of the line to rest in the draft. Larger group rides will often form double pacelines with two columns of riders. Sometimes referred to as “bit and bit”.[58]
packv., n. a crash or fall. e.g. “He packed into that snow bank and broke his leg.” Verb, meaning to quit a ride (typically a race) prematurely.
palmarèsA list of races a rider has won. (French, meaning list of achievements or list of winners).
panacheA rider displaying style and/or courage, for example by breaking away, taking pulls at the front of the group, remounting after a crash or riding while suffering injuries. Example: “This rider insisted on continuing the race after the crash. After he crossed the line 100 kilometers later, doctors found out that he had 3 cracked vertebrae and 2 broken ribs.”
panic skidv. to try with all one’s will and strength to prevent an impending stack by attempting to implant one’s heels as deeply as possible in the ground. Usually a dumb idea.
pannierA basket, bag, box, or similar container, carried in pairs attached to the frame, handle bars, or on racks attached above the wheels of a bicycle. Panniers are used by commuters and touring cyclists in the same way hikers and campers use backpacks, as a means to pack and carry gear, clothing and other supplies and items. The term derives from the Old French, from Classical Latin, word for bread basket.
passn. the lowest passage between two mountains. The french – but not just the french – know this as a col. The mathematicians would call this the saddle point.
pavement polishn. the small parallel grooves you find on your bike and its expensive components after you wipe out and smear all aver the blacktop. Pavement polish is the bike equivalent of road rash.
pedaling circlesPedaling smoothly and efficiently.
pedaling squaresBonked, tired, dead in the saddle.
peloton(from French, literally meaning little ball or platoon and also related to the English word pellet) is the large main group in a road bicycle race. May also be called thefield, bunch, or pack. Riders in a group save energy by riding close (drafting or slipstreaming) near and, particularly behind, other riders. The reduction in drag is dramatic; in the middle of a well-developed group it can be as much as 40%.[60] also known as the field.
pepOriginating from the popular nickname of a famous Latin American cyclist, “pep” is used as a verb meaning “to carelessly and headlessly ford (as in a small body of water).” For example, “pep” could be used in the sentence “I’m going to pep this creek”.
phator fat. adj. used to describe how exceptional something is like a “Phat Air” might be a really styled out trick as well as being “large”, that is, very high.
picking a linev. planning the path of the bike by anticipating approaching terrain, or choosing a bar room introduction. Example: “What’s your sign?” Common reply: “Trail closed”
pinch flatn. flat tire caused by the tube being pinched between the rim and a hard object, usually due to under -inflated tires
piranha (piranha’d)(UK) A form of theft that specialises in stealing parts from parked and locked bicycles to the eventual point that very little is left of the bike.
pitchn. a short section of technical road or trail.
pogov. to bounce on a full-suspension bike like a pogo stick. Also, for a full-suspension bike to bounce annoyingly and uncontrollably.
pokesn. short for slow pokes. This is someone that always lingers in the back of the pack. This is not a crime.
pootern. also known as a brain, the electronic doodad that keeps track of your speed, cadence, heart rate
portagev. to carry your bike.
posern. derogatory term for people with expensive bikes that never actually ride. Usually found near a trail head or coffee shop and never dirty or sweaty. Seinfeld may be an example. Synonym for fred.
potato chipn. a wheel that has been bent badly, but not taco’d.
poursuivantFrom French, literally “pursuing” – refers to a cyclist or group of cyclists who are separated from and behind the leader(s) (tête de la course) but in front of the main group (peloton). This usually occurs when a small number of riders attempt to catch up to the leaders, either to join with them or to “bring them back to the pack” by encouraging the main group to chase them down.[11]
powder runn. extremely dusty section of trail.
powerThe rate at which effective energy is being transferred by the cyclist’s legs. Measured through a power meter and normally expressed in watts.
powersliden. a two-wheel sideways slide, with the foot opposite the direction of travel kept on the ground.
prangv. to bend or dent a part of the bike or body.
Prestan. flavor of valve which is taller, lighter and skinnier than Schrader car tire valves, which incorporate a screw-in lock into the valve. These are better, use Presta valves if you have a choice
pretzeled1) adj. the condition in which you find your frame after a less than successful attempt to mail it third class to Abu Dhabi. 2) adj. the condition both you and your bike are found in after a hairy collision.
primePrimes (pronounced preems, after the French word for “gift” (often incorrectly spelled “premes”) are intermediate sprints within a race, usually offering a prize and/or points. Primes are a way to encourage more competitive riding, and also an opportunity for companies to gain publicity by sponsoring a prime. In a criterium, a bell is sounded on the lap preceding the prime sprint at the appropriate line for that prime sprint. The line used for prime sprints need not be the same as the start or finish line. Primes may be either predetermined for certain laps or spontaneously designated under the supervision of the Chief Referee. All primes won shall be awarded to riders even if they withdraw from the race. Lapped riders are not eligible for primes except in the following situation: when a breakaway has lapped the main field, riders in the main field and the breakaway riders are then both eligible for primes. When primes are announced for a given group, only riders in that group or behind it at the beginning of the prime lap are eligible. Prizes can be cash, merchandise, or points, depending on the race.[13]
prologueAn individual time trial of usually less than 8 km (5 mi) before a stage race, used to determine which rider wears the leader’s jersey on the first stage.
protected enclosuren. a type of traffic control in which the entire road is closed to other traffic as the race passes any given point. The road reopens after the race passes.
PSIabbreviation for pounds per square inch. The unit of measure for tire inflation and air pressure in some suspensions.
pullv. to ride at the front of a group of riders, where there is no protection from wind resistance.
pull back timeTo pull back time is to make up time on another rider who is ahead on G.C. “he needs to “pull back” two minutes if he wants to get in yellow”.
pull it backto work to reduce the lead of a breakaway, also used as “he needs to pull him back” or “they need to pull him back”.
pull offv. to give up at the front of a group, and return to a position in the formation that is sheltered from wind resistance, such as the back of a paceline.
pull throughv. to take the front position in a paceline after the previous leader has “pulled off” and left for the rear.
pumpcolloquial verb meaning to give a second person a ride on a bicycle, also known as giving a hike. The passenger may balance on the handlebars or the seat, while the biker stands to pedal. v. to bounce a suspension fork in hopes of some useful effect, or to encourage excitement
pumped1) adj. the feeling of overworked muscles, where they swell and strength disappears. 2) adj. a feeling of childish excitement about a new toy or trail.
puncheurIt is a type of road bicycle racer that specializes in rolling terrain with short but steep climbs. Ideal races for this type of rider are the one day classics in spring. These races are characterized by hills that are a 10-20% grade and 1–2 km long, examples include the Liege-Bastogne-Liege, the Mur de Huy in the Flèche Wallonne and the Manayunk Wall in the Philadelphia International Championship. The physique of this type of rider allows them to escape from the peloton through quick bursts usually with the assistance of a teammate. Examples of such racers include Philippe Gilbert, Paolo Bettini, Danilo Di Luca and Peter Sagan, who are able to sprint their way up the shorter climbs to win a stage or a single-day race. However, their lower endurance is a disadvantage in stage races where the climbs are usually longer 5–20 km, albeit at lower gradients 5-10%.
purple anoadj. anodized aluminum in purple. Some riders need to obtain as much of this as possible. It comes in other colors, but they are of no consequence here.
push-push1) n. a novice’s pedaling motion, consisting of alternately pushing each foot down, instead of spinning.
queen stageThe stage of a multi-day road race which includes the highest point reach of the whole race. Also usually, but not always, the hardest stage of the race.
quick-releasen. bolts with levers attached, for easy adjustment and removal of wheels and seat height
R&Dn. Ripoff & Duplication, or Research & Development.
rag dollyv. to wreck in such a way that one’s person is tossed like a flimsy scrap of cloth. “Did you see me rag dolly back there? I think I pierced my ear on a tree branch.”
railingv. making fast and hard turns, like you’re on rails and are immune to traction loss. e.g. “He was railing around that turn before he slid out and biffed.”
raken. the amount, in degrees, that a front fork curves forward from a line drawn down the stem or steer tube. The rake along with the steer tube angle of a bicycle will determine it’s trail.
rallyv. to ride exceptionally well, especially on normally difficult routes.
randoneen. a form of cross country bicycle race event. It is run as a very long recreational event, lasting two or three days.
RDSn. abbreviation for Rapid Deceleration Syndrome. Military term for the very sudden illness that happens when the free-flight following a high-speed involuntary dismount is interrupted by something solid.
rear trianglen. the triangle formed by the chain stays, seat stays, and seat tube
relayn. a specific form of a time trial, in which competitors cover great distances riding almost around the clock.
retro-grouchn. a rider who prefers an old bike with old components and isn’t fond of new, high-tech equipment.
rhoid buffingv. going down a hill so steep that your butt touches the rear wheel.
Ride On!excl. a parting phrase used by riders without much else to say.
riding the pegsv. standing on the pedals through rough terrain.
rigidA bicycle without any suspension system.
road captainAn experienced rider who organises and marshals the team’s riders in a road race, including instructing team-mates regarding tactical decisions and improvising new tactics when pre-race plans are overtaken by events on the road. They are the key link between the directeur sportif and the rest of the team. Road captains are normally selected on a race-by-race basis depending on the demands of the event and their relationship with the team leader.
road raceA race on pavement. Longer in distance than criteriums.
road rashSevere skin abrasions caused from sliding on the asphalt in a crash.
roadien. a cyclist that rides nearly exclusively on roads, and considers trails for the weak and feeble.
rock gardenn. section of the trail that is completely covered with grapefruit (baby head) size to basketball sized rocks.
rock-ectomyv. removing rocks, dirt, gravel from one’s person after a yard sale. “Some betty stopped by and performed a rock ectomy on my knee after the wreck, I think she digs my scene.”
rocket fueln. the mandatory pre-ride coffee.
rockwellv. an unintentionally performed hardness test rendered by a trial side object on your anatomy or possessions. Requires the use of a number to rate the event. “I 50 Rockwelled on that last buster.” “No way, dude, it was at least a 60!” The term comes from the material hardness Rockwell scale, a hardness scale based on indentation hardness of a material.
rollersA type of trainer composed of rolling cylinders under the rear wheel linked to a single rolling cylinder under the front wheel which allow the rider to practice balance while training indoors
rolling enclosuren. a type of traffic control where escort vehicles form a caravan leading and following a group of racers. The enclosure sets aside a moving part of the roadway in the direction of the race for exclusive use of bicyclists. Racers inside the enclosure are not required to follow the normal rules of the road. Racers are not allowed to cross the center line unless the entire road is traffic controlled. A rolling enclosure is the typical traffic control used to run a road race.
ROMPn. acronym for Responsible Organized Mountain Pedalers, a Silicon Valley organization teaching mountain biking skills, organizing rides, and active in trail politics.
rookie markn. chain grease on a rider’s pant leg. “Give that guy extra points for his rookie mark. It’s even on the wrong leg!” See chainring tattoo.
roostv. to go fast or accelerate quickly. Or, to stop suddenly.
rooster trailn. a spray of water flung off the back wheel as the bicycle rolls through water. Particularly pronounced on bikes without fenders.
rotating weightWeight (more correctly mass) that is rotating while the bike is moving, particularly the wheels. Mass near the outside edge of a wheel has about twice the storedenergy of a similar non-rotating mass moving at the same speed. A bicycle wheel can be considered to be a good approximation of a hollow cylinder with most of its mass at or near the rim. The rotation of cranks, wheel hubs, and other parts are of less significance because both their radius and speed of rotation (angular velocity) are small. All mass resists changes in velocity (acceleration or deceleration) due to inertia. This resistance is noticeably greater where rotational inertia is also a significant component, so lighter wheel rims, spoke nipples, and tires will permit faster acceleration (or the same acceleration for less expenditure of energy). This effect is much reduced at lower speeds such as during hill climbing.
rouleurA rider who is strong on flat and undulating roads. The rider is well suited for races such as Paris–Roubaix and the Tour of Flanders. Wout Van Aert
and Remco Evenepoel are examples of this.
rude drop-offn. a sudden drop on the trail of two feet or more.
saddleBike seat.
SAG wagonA broom wagon.[13][15][16] SAG is an acronym for “support and gear” or “support and grub”.
schmoozv. the act of reaching a trail head and not riding. What is done when one really can’t stand the thought of starting a ride. Talking. Bullshitting.
Schraedern. flavor of valve found on cars, Tubular road tires, and some clincher mountain and road tubes, use the better, Presta system.
schwag1) n. terrible trail conditions. 2) n. free stuff. See swag.
scratchLast riders to depart in a handicap race. Also referred to as the “scratch bunch” or “scratchies”. Also, a straightforward type of track race with a predetermined number of laps (except in the case of an “unknown scratch,” when officials ring a bell to signify one lap to go) until the finish line.
scream1) n. a real biker’s dream ride. 2) n. a long, straight, and deceptively steep hill. 3) v. to bomb so fast one can’t pedal fast enough to make a difference.
screamern. a very, very high dropoff. “I was trying so hard to keep my eyes away from the ledge back there. What a screamer!”
seat tuben. the part of the frame that accepts the seat post, and attaches the top tube to the bottom bracket
seatpostn. the post that attaches your seat to the frame at the seat tube
seatstayn. the two frame members through which the rear wheel passes that meet the chain stays at the rear dropouts
semi-loopn. loop trip with a section of out and back attached.
service courseA command center where bicycles are maintained between races in preparation for the next race, a service course car is a car (such as those famously provided by Mavic) that carry spare bicycles or wheels in a race should the competing cyclist require it.[67][68]
sew-upsn. also known as tubulars, lightweight road tires and rims with the tread sewn directly around the tube, which is glued right onto a rim without bead hooks. Opposite of clincher tires, which often use an inner tube inside.
shapesTo pull or throw shapes (origin: Irish slang for acting the “hard man”) is to pedal in an ungainly and un-fluid manner, usually due to exertion; a sign that a rider is about to crack or has cracked. Can be used in expressive ways: “He’s throwing a whole basket of shapes”.
shelledA rider who is having extreme difficulty keeping up with a fast pace race in a way they did not anticipate. A rider who is shelled will use up all their energy so they have nothing left for the finishing sprint, drop back out of contention, or abandon the race altogether.
shifterA component used by the rider to control the gearing mechanisms and select the desired gear ratio. It is usually connected to the derailleur by a mechanical actuation cable. Electronic & hydraulic shifting systems also exist.
side-pull caliperadj. most common type of brakes found on quality road bikes. Designed such that one braking surface contacts the rim first, improving brake modulation.
single-buttedn. tubing with a higher wall thickness at only one end, such as a seat tube on a quality frame. See double-butted, triple-butted.
singlesAustralian English for tubular tyres.
singletrackn. trail just wide enough for one person, horse, or bike — the mountain biker’s holy grail. Contrast with dual-track or doubletrack.
SISn. Shimano Indexed Shifters, where you click the shifter and the gears change quickly and exactly. Opposite of friction shifting.
sit upIn a race, if a rider eases his or her efforts and stops pulling or maintaining the pace of the group, the rider is said to have sat up.
sit-on and sit-inTo ride behind another rider without taking a turn on the front (thus tiring the lead rider), often in preparation for an attack or sprint finish. “Sitting in the wheels” is to take an easy ride drafted by the peloton or gruppetto. Often a strategic decision to save energy in races.
sitting inv. to be a lazy sot who doesn’t take their turn at the front of a paceline. Can be used as a tactic to tire one’s opponent.
sketchingv. the act of riding along precariously and near falling.
skid lidn. helmet.
skid rown. that section of trail that nobody ever expects or remembers that always appears too suddenly when riding too fast. Usually switchbacks. Named after all the skid tracks left there from previous riders.
skyv. to jump extremely high. To get big air.
slicksn. mountain bike tires with no tread to be used at very high pressure, for those too ignorant to get a fast and efficient road bike for use on roads. They make some difference, but doesn’t fix the aerodynamics, body geometry, handlebar shape, or anything else that matters.
snake biten. a double puncture of an inner tube, caused by the tire bottoming out on the rim while hitting an obstacle too hard or by under-inflation of tires.
snowminen. an object hidden by snow on the trail. “Be careful of the snowmines — you know, rocks, logs, hibernating bears…”
soft breakA breakaway that is allowed to go from the peloton in a stage race because it poses no strategic threat to any of the main contenders on GC. In French terminology a soft break is a “dishonest break”.
soft-tailn. a fully suspended bike.
soigneurA non-riding member of a team whose role is to provide support for the riders, possibly including transportation and organization of supplies, preparation of the team’s food, post-ride massages and personal encouragement.
soil samplen. a face plant.
speed checkn. if you are approaching a jump too fast, you may need to slow down by making quick speed check. In other words, braking.
spidern. the five-(or four) pronged section or attachment on the drive-side crank into which the chainrings are screwed.
spikev. to obtain a chainring tattoo on the back of the calf, usually the result of a newbie trying to dab or panic skid at high speeds.
spinv. smooth pedal motion. Opposite of push-push.
spinoutv. loss of traction in the rear tire, resulting in the wheel spinning with no forward movement of the bike, usually while climbing on loose gravel
splatterv. to strike a trail decoration following an involuntary dismount.
spring plantingn. a face plant.
sprinterRider with the ability to generate very high power over short periods (a few seconds to a minute) allowing for great finishing speeds, but usually unable to sustain sufficiently high power over long periods to be a good time triallist, and is usually too big to have a high enough power-to-weight ratio to be a good climber.
sprintsBritish term for tubular tyres.
spudsn. “SPD” (Shimano Pedaling Dynamics) clipless pedals.
squaresSimilar to shapes. pedaling squares is pedaling without fluid rhythm. Pedaling in a labored fashion.
squirrelA cyclist who has a tendency to swerve unexpectedly and maintain inconsistent speed. Considered dangerous to follow at close range for the purpose of drafting.[13]
squirrellythe act of riding like a squirrel
stackn., v. crash.
stageOne part of a multi-day race, such as the Tour de France.
stage racen. these combine several different types of bicycle races into one multiple part bicycle race event. Stage races commonly include road races, time trials, and criteriums. These races are usually scheduled over a period of two or more days. Order of finish is determined by lowest combined elapsed time or combined points depending on the scoring format.
stagiaireAn amateur rider, who is taken in by a professional team during the season. This lets the rider get some experience at riding a few pro races, and the team gets a chance to assess the abilities of the rider.[
stair gapA freeride term for a landing in terms of when cycling off a set of stairs.
stayerA cyclist that excels at maintaining high speed on a relatively flat course alone. The stayer, climber and sprinter make up the three types of mass start road racing specialists. The stayer is some times referred to as a time trial-ist, since the qualities of one and the other are similar. Since a mass start road race is not a time trial, the term stayer is used. (Ref: CONI Book)
steedn. your bike, the reason for your existence.
steerer tubeThe part of the fork that is inserted into the head tube of the frame, and is used to attach the fork to the frame using a headset.
stemThe component that attaches the handlebars to the steer tube of the bicycle. They come in two major types, quill and threadless. The angle and length plays a major part in how the bicycle fits the rider.
STIadj. “Shimano Total Integration” – integrated brake and shift levers. Road bicycles commonly use this technology. It was created to make the bicycle more user friendly vs downtube shift levers on the downtube and brakes on the handlebars.
sticky bottleA technique often used by the rider who takes food and water from the team car during a race. The rider holds on for a variable amount of time to the bottle handed to him by the car occupant, who maintains his grasp on the object, effectively dragging the athlete. This concerted act gives the cyclist a moment to relax. Usually tolerated by the race commissaire if the bottle is held for 1-2 second, but may result in a sanction if an exaggeration is perceived.[69]
stictionn. when friction makes a suspension fork travel sticky instead of smooth.
stokedadj. an alternate term for the word psyched. In other words, to be excited.
stonedadj. describes a rider after a crash which imbeds stones into the rider’s skin.
supermann. a rider who flies over the handlebars and doesn’t hit the ground for a long time. This may result in injury, but when it doesn’t, it’s really funny for everyone else.Super man position made famous by Graham Obree in 1993-94
swagor schwag. n. the stuff that manufacturers and vendors donate to be given away at bike related events. When you race, go to bike shows, help put on events, write bike articles, you are often rewarded with swag.
swing offA cyclist fending the air in front of a group of riders, then leaving the front after producing his effort by steering his bike to the side is said to “swing off”. Example:”Ivan Basso swings off to let Peter Sagan go!”
swingoffn., v. abruptly disengaging from a formation to move from the wind-battered lead position to sheltered rear when your stint at the front is over.
table-topn. a jump in which the rider throws the bike sideways in mid-air. Less commonly, a jump made over a hill that reaches a plateau and goes back down.
tacov. to bend a wheel over on itself, in the shape of a taco. “I taco’d my wheel, and it cost me a hundred bucks.” Worse than a potato chip.
tea partyn. when a whole group of riders stops and chats, and nobody seems to want to ride on.
teamA team of professional cyclists. Usually one rider will be the team leader and the others will support him, though the team itself will be composed of a mix of riders from the various specialisations.
team time trialRiders start in groups or teams, usually of a fixed size. The time of the nth rider of a team counts for the classification for each team member. In the 2009 edition of Tour de France, riders who are dropped from their team’s group would be scored with their own time, instead of the team time.
techn. a bike mechanic, especially at a professional bike race. See also mechanic and wrench.
technicalA trail or patch of road that requires good balance and concentration since it is very uneven. Can also be said of a bend or a series of bends.
technical assistance zoneA designated section along the course of a mountain bike or cyclocross race along which riders are allowed to accept technical assistance (tools, spare parts, or mechanical work) from another person. In cyclocross racing the technical assistance zone is called the “pit”. Not all mountain bike races contain a technical assistance zone, instead requiring riders to carry whatever tools and spare parts they may need. A rider accepting technical assistance outside of the designated zone risks disqualification.
techno-weenien. a rider who knows everything about the newest bike parts and techno-fads except how to use either them or his bike. Someone who buys lots of gadgets to add supposed iotas of performance to the bike. Greeting a friend whom we haven’t seen in a year, I might say “Hi, Marta!” A techno-weenie might say “Oooh, you got Campy Record hubs on that bike now?”
tempoSteady pace at the front of a group of riders. A relatively fast tempo can be used by a group or team to control the peloton, often to make up time to a break. The group will ride at the head of the bunch and set a fast enough pace to stretch the peloton out (also known as stringing out) and discourage other riders from attacking. Setting a slower tempo can be done for the purpose of blocking.[70] A tempo is also a type of track race where two points are awarded to the first person to cross the line each lap, and one point is awarded to the second person to cross the line each lap. The winner is the person with the most points at the end of the race.
tempo paceA level of exertion just below the rider’s anaerobic threshold. Used as a reference point in training, this is the highest level of exertion that a given rider can sustain.[
testerA time-trialist who tends to over-specialize in the discipline. Slightly derogatory.
tête de la courseFrom French, literally “head of the race” – the leading cyclist or group of cyclists, when separated from (in front of) the peloton.
thrash1) v. to cause severe damage to a trail, usually during the wet season. 2) adj. a damaged trail “That trail’s really thrashed after last winter.”
three-hour tourn. a MTB ride that looks like a piece of cake at the outset but turns out to be a death march. Derived from the theme song to “Gilligan’s Island.”
tin. pronounced “tie,” it’s the periodic-table abbreviation for titanium, and just about the only chemistry-class vestige that a rider should sprinkle into the conversation. “Sheila’s running ti bar ends, ti pedal spindles, a ti seat post, and a ti wedding band.”
ticket collectorA rider that sits at the back of a breakaway but doesn’t take a pull. Thus the rider gets a free ride similar to a ticket collector on a train who rides for free.
tifosiThe word commonly refers to fans along the roadside at professional road cycling races in Italy such as Tirreno–Adriatico, Milan – San Remo, the Giro d’Italia, and the Giro di Lombardia.
time trialn. bicycle race events in which individuals or small teams of riders ride the same route and distance separately for elapsed time. Time trials are generally started at preset intervals and held on an out-and-back or circuit course, and are generally 15 or 40 km, but dozens of lengths are sanctioned. A race against the clock where riders are started separately (ranging from 30 seconds to 5 minutes apart). The winner of the race is determined by the fastest person across the course. No drafting may be employed in a time trial as it is a solo race event.
time trialistA rider that can generate relatively high power over long periods of time (5 minutes to an hour or more) in a race against the clock.
to stick the knife inTo finish off a group of riders who are about to crack. The perpetrator knows (or guesses) he has better overall energy than his competitors, presumably after making them suffer with numerous accelerations. The ensuing violent acceleration is referred to as “sticking the knife in” while a number of riders, if not all, are dropped.
toe clipsn. a clip-and-strap system that connects a rider’s feet and toes to her pedals. Toe clips usually don’t require special shoes.
tombstonen. one of those damn little rocks protruding out of the trail which you don’t notice because you are having a heart-attack climbing the hill.
top tuben. the part of the frame that attaches the head tube to the seat tube
topon. short for United States Geological Survey topographic map.
tornadov. to balance on your front wheel while turning your back wheel 90-180 degrees in either direction.
trackAn oval cycling track for races, banked at up to 50 degrees. Cycling tracks are usually, but not always indoors. Bicycling or cycle tracks are also called velodromes. An Olympic track is generally 250m long.
Track Left!imp. a signal to gape at the passing rider on your left, generally accompanied with a sharp movement to veer right into his path.
Track Right!imp. a signal to the slowpoke ahead to look around for a hidden turnoff to the left, so he’ll get the hell out of your way because there isn’t any room to pass on singletrack anyway.
track standn. (from fixed-gear track racing) a maneuver where the rider stops the bike and remains standing on the bicycle without putting a foot on the ground for balance. Balancing in place on 2 wheels, usually standing on the pedals.
track wobblen. when the rider stops the bike and attempts to remain standing, but can’t do it very well. Characterized by rolling forward, violent movements of the front wheel, and a distressed expression on the rider’s face. See track stand, above.
trailn. the distance between the point created by the projection of the bicycle steer tube axis to the ground and the contact patch of a tire. This determines how a bike will steer. A bicycle with a lot of trail will be “stable” and one with minimal trail will be “nimble”, in the negative connotation “stable” will become “sluggish” and “nimble” becomes “nervious”.
trail angela generous individual or group of individuals that provide acts of kindness to participants of outdoor events, on hiking trails or various biking routes. Trail angels are closely associated with trail magic. “Trail Angels” are commonly referred to in online hiking journals as friends of hikers, relatives or others persons who will often provide food, transportation, etc. to hikers on the trail.
trail swagn. equipment or accessories dropped by other bikers and found on the trail.
traina method in stage races to get a sprinter to the front of a bunch sprint and launched. The sprinter’s team riders will form a line, usually within 5k of the finish and take turns to build up speed – the last rider in the train will be protected (drafting) until a short distance from the finish. Perfected by HTC and Mark Cavendish.
trainerA piece of equipment that a bicycle stands on so that the rear wheel can spin while the bicycle is stationary, allowing stationary riding. These are usually used when the conditions outside are bad.
trialsn. the art of hopping onto large objects on your bike, for those who can’t go fast and have no endurance. Not to be confused with Time Trials, which is just the opposite.
tricked outadj. when a bike has the latest and hottest components.
triple-buttedn. tubing with two butts of differing thicknesses, such as 0.9/0.6/0.8 mm. See single-butted, double-butted.
true sprinterAlso known as old school sprinter. A rider who excels primarily in sprint finishes on flat to mildly uphill terrain. Often too heavy to compete in longer or steeper uphill courses.
tubular tyres
Tubular tyres are cycle tyres that have the inner tube permanently stitched inside the casing. They are held in place using glue or glue-tape, and are affixed to rims which lack the sidewalls characteristic of a hook-bead rim. Tubulars take very high pressure (up to 10 bar or 145 psi, or higher for racing and track-specific tires) which reduces their rolling resistance. They typically result in wheelsets that are lower in overall weight than comparable clincher wheels, because of the shape of the rim, the tire construction, and the lack of rim strips. Tubulars can be ridden at lower pressures than clinchers without the risk of pinch flats, because of the shape of the rim. This makes them well-suited to cyclo-cross, especially in muddy conditions where low tire pressures are used. However, they are difficult to replace and repair and are generally more expensive than clinchers. Also called sew-ups, tubies, or tub.[2]
tubeless tyreA tubeless tyre looks like a standard tube-type clincher tyre but requires no inner tube and, once ‘seated’ (seating is the process of snapping the beads into position), it forms an airtight seal with the rim. A valve just like the one you’d find on an inner tube is fitted directly to the rim
tuckn. a riding position, generally a contorted one with the head and torso low, back flat, and arms close in for aerodynamics.
turbo-trainerA trainer that spins a fan assembly at the same time (for pedal resistance and air flow). See Bicycle trainer.
turnA turn is a rider sharing the workload on a pace line “he took a turn” or “he is doing a lot of turns on the front”. Missing turns can be expressed thus “he has missed a few turns now and has stopped working”. In a breakaway the riders expect to share the work equally in “turns”. A rider who doesn’t take his turn is “sitting on the break”.
tweak1) n. a jump during which the rider twists the handlebars back and forth in mid-air, the more times the better. 2) v. to slightly injure a part of the body or the bike in a crash. “I tweaked my wrist when I fell.” 3) v. to make a minor adjustment. “My brake pads were rubbing but I tweaked the cable and it went away.” 4) adj. when something isn’t quite right, “You’d have to be seriously tweaked to replace those hydraulics with V-brakes.”
UCIn. acronym for Union Cycliste Internationale, an international sanctioning organization for bicycle racing.
unobtaniumadj. describing a bike or accessory made from expensive, high-tech material. A play on “unobtainable” and “titanium.”
upstroken. when a rider pulls up on the pedal.
urbanAlternatively known as a city bike, a bicycle that is designed to be ridden on the road utilizing components of a mountain bike, similar to a hybrid bicycle.
USACn. acronym for USA Cycling, Inc. The national organization responsible for the governance of professional and amateur bicycle racing in the United States. The USCF, NCCA, NORBA, and USPRO organizations are part of USA Cycling.
USCFn. abbreviation for the United States Cycling Federation. As a member association of USAC, the USCF oversees the conduct of road, track, and cyclocross bicycle racing in the United States.
USPROn. acronym for the United States Professional Racing Organization. The USPRO serves as the governing body for professional racing and is an affiliate organization of USAC.
valve stemn. where the pump is attached to fill the tube with air. Bicycle valve stems commonly come in two types, Schrader – (standard American style, like the valve found on you car tire), or Presta the French type. (tall and skinny with a screw in valve lock)
vegetable tunneln. a singletrack that is heavily overgrown with foliage, so a rider must duck and bend to get through it.
velo-pornn. full-page, four-color advertisements of giblets in cycling magazines. It can arouse giblet lust, giblet envy, and in serious cases, feelings of bike inadequacy. “Peter skipped right over the race results and went straight for the velo-porn.”
velodromeA cycling track for races. See track.
void1) n. to empty the contents of one’s bladder. “Where were you, man? We waited for at least two minutes.” “Sorry, dude, I had to void, my back teeth were floating.” 2) n. a deep chasm that you have to clear or you will die.
VTTn. Velo Tout-Terrain, the French term for mountain biking. Velo = bike, Tout = all, and don’t even ask me about terrain. 🙂
vulturesRace spectators who gather at a technical point of the course where a crash is more likely to occur.
vulturesn. spectators who line up at dangerous obstacles in hopes of seeing blood.
wackn. something that is not good. e.g. “It’s pretty wack that my bike broke in two.” Mostly American talk.
wallA steep incline along a race’s course. See also hit the wall. Side of a house where you can lean your bike
walln. a road that looks like it goes straight up, because it practically does. Generally used for grades steeper than 10%, depending on region.
wang chungn. what you might get when your stem has no nard guard. See crotch-testing.
wash outor simply wash. v. to have the front tire lose traction, especially while going around a corner or when inadvertently locked. Generally results in the wheel ending up somewhere other than under the rider.
washboardn. small, regular undulations of the soil surface that make for a very rough ride.
water carrierReferred to in French as a ‘Domestique’- these are the members of a team who chase down competitors and try to neutralize their efforts and they will often protect their team leader from the wind by surrounding him. When a leader has to get a repair or stop to answer nature his domestiques will stay with him and pace him back up to the peloton. They are called “water carriers” because they are the ones designated to go back to the team car and pick up water bottles and bring them back up to the leader and other members of the team. In Italian the term is “gregario”.
weight weenieA cyclist that is concerned about the weight of his or her bicycle or its components.
weight-weenien. a bike owner (not even necessarily a rider) who is more concerned with how many milligrams a certain component saves off the bike’s total weight than with how to be a better rider.
wheelieLifting the front wheel of the bicycle in the air – through force transmitted through the pedals – whilst riding and continuing to ride on only the back wheel. The rider maintains the wheelie by applying pedalstrokes and rear brake in order to balance the bicycle on only the rear wheel.
galibierA cycle clothing brand who is not bothered about the rules of Alphabetical order and would rather produce fine cycling clothing.
wheelsucker, wheelsuckingA rider who sits on the rear wheel of others in a group or on another rider, enjoying the draft but not working. Also leech, leeching.
white knucklev. to rapidly descend on a trail that’s sheer gonzo when you were expecting a cake walk. “Man, I just whiteknuckled that descent at like 50 kph! Why didn’t you tell me about the dropoff and rock garden?”
wild pigsn. poorly adjusted brake pads that squeal in use.
wind chill the effect of air moving across the skin, making the temperature seem colder than it actually is. A cyclist creates a windchill even on a calm day, a situation that must be considered when dressing for winter rides.
winter bikeA racing bicycle adapted for use in winter seasons. Typically these are less expensive and incorporate mudguards, which are rarely present on their modern summer counterparts.
wipe outA crash. Can be used as a verb: “This rider wiped out pretty bad on the wet corner.”
wipe outv. to crash.
wipeoutn. a crash.
withIn contexts such as “riding with” and “finished with” used to mean “next to each other or one behind another, close enough to be drafting”. Example: “Samuel Dumoulin (Française Des Jeux) and Simon Gerrans (Ag2r-Prevoyance) joined up with the leading four and set about working well together”.
WOLAbbreviation of wide outside lane. An outside lane on a roadway that is wide enough to be safely shared side-by-side by a bicycle and motor vehicle. The road may be marked with partial lane markings to designate the portion of the lane to be used by bicycles.
wouldyeevergothe start of a sentence, yelled when someone is constantly attacking a tired bunch
wonkyadj. not functioning properly. “I bailed, and now my wheel is all wonky and all I hear are wild pigs.”
workTo work is to do “turns on the front”, to aid a group of riders by sharing the workload of working against air resistance by “pulling on the front” of the group. Similar to pull. Often used expressively in combination with other expressions: e.g. “He hasn’t done any work all day, he has just sat on the breakaway.” Working is used in many contexts in the peloton and road racing.[43]
wrenchn. a bike mechanic. See also tech and mechanic.
yard saleA crash causing every piece of gear to be scattered all over the place, like bottles, multi-tools, energy bars, hand pump, etc. The resulting scene is reminiscent of a yard sale.
yard salen. (from skiing) a horrendous crash that leaves all your various “wares” — water bottles, pump, tool bag, etc. — scattered as if on display for sale.
yellow jerseyWorn by the rider who is leading in the General classification in the Tour de France.
zone outv. a state of mind where you think you’ve reached The Zone, but you really just stopped paying attention to what you’re doing. Usually used as an excuse for a particularly embarrassing biff.
Zone, then. a state of mind experienced while riding. You don’t think, you just do. A truly Zen experience that can’t be fully explained, but when you get there you’ll know it and strive to reach it again.
ZwiftA rubbish cartoon world that steals souls. Get your winter clothing on and get out and live instead of prison cycling. You are free but self cage in a shed. NOT Cycling.
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